How Big Does a Bernese Mountain Dog Get?

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Bernese Mountain Dogs are renowned for their majestic size and gentle temperament. If you’re considering adding one of these beautiful giants to your family, it’s essential to understand just how big they can grow. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the various factors that influence the size of Bernese Mountain Dogs and what you can expect as they mature.

Bernese Mountain Dog Breed Information Guide | BARK Post

Before delving into their size, let’s briefly familiarize ourselves with the Bernese Mountain Dog breed. Originating from Switzerland, these dogs have a rich history dating back over 2,000 years. Initially bred as working dogs, Berners assisted farmers by pulling carts and guarding their farms from predators. Today, they’re cherished as loyal companions and beloved family pets.

Characteristics of Bernese Mountain Dogs

  • Massive Size: Bernese Mountain Dogs are known for their substantial build, towering over many other breeds.
  • Intelligence: Despite their large size, Berners are remarkably intelligent and trainable.
  • Affectionate Nature: These gentle giants are incredibly affectionate and form strong bonds with their human families.
  • Cold Weather Adaptation: With their thick, long coats, Bernese Mountain Dogs thrive in colder climates.
  • Loyalty: Berners are fiercely loyal and devoted to their owners, making them excellent companions.

Growth and Development

Bernese Mountain Dog | Description, Temperament, Images, & Facts | Britannica

Puppy Growth

Rapid Growth Phase

During the initial stages of life, Bernese Mountain Dog puppies undergo a period of rapid growth. This phase typically occurs during their first few months of life. Puppies may gain an impressive 2 to 4 pounds per week during this time, quickly transforming from tiny bundles of fur into robust young dogs.

Weight at Maturity

By the age of 2 to 3 years old, Bernese Mountain Dogs reach their full adult size. At this point, they attain their maximum weight and height. On average, male Berners weigh between 80 to 115 pounds, while females typically weigh between 70 to 95 pounds. These majestic dogs stand between 25 to 27.5 inches tall at the shoulder when fully matured.

Height and Body Proportions

Bernese Mountain Dogs exhibit a well-proportioned physique as they mature. Their bodies develop strong muscles and sturdy bones, contributing to their impressive stature. While their large size may seem imposing, Berners maintain an elegant and balanced appearance, characterized by their broad chests, straight backs, and robust limbs.

Factors Influencing Size

Bernese Mountain Dog Guide | Exercise Needs | Stories & Tips | BorrowMyDoggy


The genetics of a Bernese Mountain Dog play a significant role in determining its size. The size of the parents, as well as their genetic predispositions, can influence the size of the offspring. Responsible breeders carefully select breeding pairs to produce puppies with desirable traits, including size and conformation.


Proper nutrition is essential for supporting the growth and development of Bernese Mountain Dogs. A balanced diet that provides the necessary nutrients, vitamins, and minerals is crucial during the puppy growth phase. High-quality dog food formulated for large breeds can help ensure that Berners receive the nutrition they need to thrive.

Exercise and Physical Activity

Regular exercise is vital for promoting healthy growth and development in Bernese Mountain Dogs. Daily walks, playtime, and outdoor activities help puppies build strong muscles, improve cardiovascular health, and maintain a healthy weight. Engaging in age-appropriate exercises also supports their mental stimulation and socialization skills.

Health Conditions

Certain health conditions can impact the growth and development of Bernese Mountain Dogs. Orthopedic issues such as hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) can affect their mobility and skeletal structure. Regular veterinary check-ups, proper vaccination, and preventive care can help detect and address potential health concerns early on.

Variations in Size

Bernese Mountain Dog (Berner): Characteristics & Care

While Bernese Mountain Dogs are typically known for their impressive size, there are variations within the breed that result in dogs of different sizes. Understanding these variations can help prospective owners choose the right Berner for their lifestyle and preferences.

Mini Bernese Mountain Dogs

The Mini Bernese Mountain Dog: Shrinking A Gentle Giant | Mini bernese mountain dog, Bernese mountain dog, Miniature bernese mountain dog


Mini Bernese Mountain Dogs are a smaller version of the standard breed. They are created through crossbreeding with smaller breeds, such as the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.


Mini Berners are significantly smaller than their standard counterparts. When fully grown, they typically stand between 16 to 19 inches in height at the shoulder and weigh between 35 to 55 pounds. Despite their smaller size, they often retain many of the beloved traits of the Bernese Mountain Dog breed, including their gentle temperament and affectionate nature.


Mini Bernese Mountain Dogs may exhibit traits from both parent breeds, resulting in a unique blend of characteristics. They are often well-suited for individuals or families living in smaller spaces or those who prefer a smaller companion dog with the appearance and personality of a Berner.


Standard Bernedoodles - SwissRidge Berenedoodles


Bernedoodles are a popular crossbreed between Bernese Mountain Dogs and Poodles. They come in various sizes, including standard, mini, and tiny variants.

Standard Bernedoodles

Standard Bernedoodles are the largest variant of the breed. When fully grown, they typically weigh between 70 to 90 pounds and stand between 23 to 29 inches tall at the shoulder. These dogs inherit the intelligence and hypoallergenic coat of the Poodle combined with the gentle nature of the Bernese Mountain Dog.

Mini Bernedoodles

Mini Bernedoodles are smaller than their standard counterparts, making them an ideal choice for individuals or families seeking a more compact companion. They typically weigh between 15 to 40 pounds and stand between 18 to 22 inches tall at the shoulder when fully grown.

Tiny Bernedoodles

Tiny Bernedoodles are the smallest variant of the breed. They are a pint-sized version of the standard Bernedoodle, perfect for those looking for a petite yet adorable companion. Tiny Bernedoodles typically weigh between 10 to 20 pounds and stand under 18 inches tall at the shoulder when fully grown.

Care and Maintenance

Bernese Mountain Dog | Description, Temperament, Images, & Facts | Britannica

Diet and Nutrition

Balanced Diet

Providing your Bernese Mountain Dog with a balanced and nutritious diet is crucial for their overall health and well-being. Choose high-quality dog food formulated for large breeds, which contains the necessary nutrients, vitamins, and minerals to support their growth and development.

Portion Control

Due to their susceptibility to obesity, it’s essential to monitor your Berner’s food intake and avoid overfeeding. Follow the feeding guidelines provided by your veterinarian and adjust portions based on your dog’s age, weight, activity level, and metabolism.

Regular Feeding Schedule

Establish a consistent feeding schedule for your Bernese Mountain Dog, offering meals at the same times each day. Avoid free-feeding or leaving food out all day, as this can lead to overeating and weight gain.

Exercise Requirements

Daily Exercise

Bernese Mountain Dogs are active and energetic by nature, requiring daily exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. Aim for at least 30 minutes to an hour of moderate exercise each day, which can include brisk walks, playtime, and interactive games.

Outdoor Activities

Engage your Berner in outdoor activities such as hiking, running, swimming, and agility training. These activities not only provide physical exercise but also mental stimulation and socialization opportunities.

Age-Appropriate Exercise

Adjust the intensity and duration of exercise based on your Bernese Mountain Dog’s age, fitness level, and health status. Puppies may require shorter, more frequent exercise sessions, while adult dogs can handle longer and more vigorous activities.

Grooming and Hygiene


Regular brushing helps keep your Berner’s coat clean, healthy, and free of mats and tangles. Brush their coat at least once or twice a week using a slicker brush or a grooming mitt to remove loose hair and debris.


Bathe your Bernese Mountain Dog as needed to keep their coat clean and smelling fresh. Use a mild dog shampoo and thoroughly rinse their coat to remove any soap residue.

Nail Trimming

Trim your Berner’s nails regularly to prevent them from becoming overgrown and causing discomfort or issues with mobility. Use a sharp pair of dog nail clippers and be cautious not to cut into the quick, which can cause bleeding and pain.


Veterinary Care

Schedule regular check-ups with your veterinarian to monitor your Bernese Mountain Dog’s health and address any concerns promptly. Keep up to date with vaccinations, deworming, flea and tick prevention, and other preventive care measures.

Dental Care

Maintain your Berner’s oral hygiene by brushing their teeth regularly and providing dental treats or toys to promote good dental health. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings may also be necessary to prevent periodontal disease and other dental issues.

Health Monitoring

Monitor your Bernese Mountain Dog for any signs of illness or injury, such as limping, lethargy, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, or changes in behavior. Seek veterinary attention if you notice any abnormalities or concerns.


Bernese Mountain Dogs are majestic giants known for their impressive size and gentle disposition. By understanding their growth patterns, variations in size, and care requirements, you can provide your Berner with the love and support they need to thrive as a cherished member of your family. Whether you’re drawn to their intelligence, loyalty, or affectionate nature, owning a Bernese Mountain Dog is a rewarding experience that brings joy and companionship to any household.